"The earth is the Lord's and the fullness thereof." We recognize certain basic truths about the human condition as foundations for our nation's approach to World problems.
Most men live under conditions of economic deprivation and political exploitation. Men seek changes in these conditions. Our nation's policies must be geared to respond to these conditions, the most pressing of which is the unrelieved poverty of most of the world's people, even as a few live in luxurious affluence.
While we recognize the threat to democratic values and world peace posed by present attitudes and policies of some elements of the communist world, we believe the cause of clarity and the defense of our values would be served by a recognition of the fact that not all brands of communism are the same. Indeed there is competition among the various national forms of communism. Yugoslavia, the Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia, the People's Republic of China, the government of North Vietnam and the government of Rumania cannot be lumped together without muddling our thinking and hampering effective action toward a solution of the world's problems.
We recognize the principle of international cooperation as essential for human survival. There can be no world without a world community. Therefore, we retain our belief in a viable United Nations. Strengthened, it can still provide the world with alternative procedures for resolving conflicts and achieving justice.
We see to apply these principles to specific issues of international cooperation.
A. International Economic Justice
In vies of the growing gap between the rich and the poor nations of our world, and the declining aid from the rich nations to the poor, we recommend that:
The United States and Canada join with other developed nations in pledging substantially higher grants to the less developed countries, through multi-national agencies without political strings.
The Untied States and Canada cooperate sympathetically with the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, which is composed of the 77 less developed countries, especially in the operation of international commodity agreements and in selective tariff preferences.
We urge the strengthening of the Food for Peace program.
B. Strengthening the United Nations
We urge the strengthening of the United Nations through ratification of the five conventions on genocide, slavery, forced labor, the political rights of women and the elimination of all forces of national discrimination. We support the establishment of a United Nations High Commissioner's Office for Human Rights as a permanent institution to review practices of nations in the fulfillment of their obligations under these conditions.
C. Arms Control
We believe that restraint of power is vital to continued human existence on this planet, and we urge all nations to strive for a reduction of arms. We consequently support the strengthening and expansion of the United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. We affirm our plea for urgent negotiations among the great powers to end the proliferation of increasingly dangerous weapons which threaten the future of mankind.
We urge our nation to seek initiatives towards a new China policy which would seek widest United States contact with mainland China through cultural, commercial and other means. Supporting the principle of universality of membership in the United Nations, we affirm our conviction that the cause of peace would be strengthened were mainland China a member of the United Nations.