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All congregational leaders are looking for the magic formula to success, the one that will ensure that their members are happy, engaged, and Jewishly fulfilled, and that their budgets are balanced. Though there’s no one-size-fits-all solution, there are a few tried-and-true organizational approaches to strengthening congregational life - and we at the Union for Reform Judaism are happy to share what we’ve learned by working with you through Communities of Practice, Leadership Institute programs, and other engagement opportunities.
Through this work, we’ve identified several themes that are vital to congregational success - and we’ve compiled a few of those not-so-secretive secrets here.
As leadership expert Simon Sinek said in his TED Talk, we need to start with “Why?” - and the answer must be more than just a desire to sustain our organization or our community. Rather, it must articulate what we are trying to achieve within our community. Some congregations say their “why” is to repair the self and the world; others seek to build communities that “do justice, love mercy, and walk humbly with God” (Micah, 6:8).
Identifying your why, also known as your mission, will help your congregation determine what to do and how to do it, going beyond doing what you’ve always done and beginning instead to understand what you’re trying to achieve in your sacred community.
No one person can be responsible for a congregation’s success; it takes the talent and dedication of a team of people working together. Leading a congregation differs from leading a corporation, small business, or even other types of non-profits. Because our congregations are sacred communities, our work is heightened and our mission takes on increased importance.
Because our leaders sit in pews next to one another, and our clergy may officiate at lay leaders’ weddings or visit them in their hospital beds, our relationships are much more intimate and complex than even those at other Jewish organizations.
Everyone wants an easy answer - “Tell me what to do, and I’ll do it!” - but given congregations’ varied histories, cultures, demographics, physical spaces, and resources, no one solution will work for every community, and given the complex challenges presented by a rapidly changing world, simple plug-in solutions are unlikely to work for long. Instead, we work with “best principles” not “best practices.”
Different congregations may implement a best principle in different ways. One example is the practice of giving a d’var Torah at board and committee meetings: The best principle is to bring the sacred to our deliberations, but many different practices can achieve this principle. Some congregations hold text study at their meetings; others ask board members to share stories about their Jewish identity; still others start with a blessing on the bimah and then move into another space for the meeting itself.
Each one of these practices can bring Jewish text or ritual to leaders’ deliberations, and all illustrate the best principle of seeing leadership as a sacred task.
Figuring out how to apply a best principle in your congregation will require you to try out a few different approaches to find a practice that works for you. For example, in the case of bringing the sacred to board meetings, you may try four different approaches in four different meetings and then discuss with the board which worked best. In an environment with unknown solutions and rapidly changing requirements, encouraging a culture of experimentation is critical to congregational success.
When experimenting, involve participants in the process. A discipline called “design thinking” is being applied to Jewish life and provides tools for incorporating the needs of participants into the design process. Co-creation in program areas such as social events, social action initiatives, education, and worship leads to greater ownership on the part of participants—which leads to greater involvement and a greater likelihood of achieving your mission.
Many congregations seek to deepen congregants’ engagement - supporting relationship development, creating meaningful experiences, and having an impact on their lives, which in turn enables them to achieve their mission and have an effect on the world - all through the lens of Jewish tradition. Nonetheless, many congregations still define success by how many people attend, how well they stick to the budget, and how many attendees complain afterward (or not).
If we want our congregations to be places of deep relationship, impact, and meaning, we must constantly explore and discuss new measures of success.
Congregational leaders commonly ask what new programs or initiatives they should add as a means of attracting new members or responding to current realities. While it is a harder question to answer, it is equally critical to ask: “What should we stop doing?” Not only is it unsustainable to layer more work upon overburdened clergy, staff, or volunteers - but by narrowing your focus, you will make your new initiatives more central and more likely to succeed.
In order to decide what to stop doing, use consistent criteria to evaluate your existing programs and establish a transparent process to share your decisions.
William Bridges, the father of transition management, spoke about transition as the human side of change, the psychological process of adapting to change. Congregations often make changes that make sense strategically, make sense from a resource perspective, and may even make sense from a congregant perspective. But if they ignore the human side of change, they are often left wondering why there is so much resistance to a seemingly logical transition.
Many congregations are applying Bridges’ principles to major staff transitions, and we are starting to see these principles applied in programmatic changes as well. As a result, congregants who have a more difficult time with the transition feel like they are being heard, and the entire community better embraces the transition.
We at the URJ look forward to working with you to apply these concepts to strengthen your congregation, ensuring that your community thrives now and for the next generations.
This piece was originally published on the URJ’s Inside Leadership blog on Oct. 13, 2015. It has been updated to reflect additional up-to-date guidance that has emerged from the URJ’s ongoing work with congregations.