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At its best, the synagogue is a sacred space and a spiritual home for all who enter its doors, a place in which everyone in the community – members, lay leaders, clergy and professional staff – acts according to Reform Jewish values. However, when individuals engage in inappropriate or unethical conduct, they harm others and damage the community itself.
For these reasons, the Union for Reform Judaism (URJ) strongly encourages congregations to develop and implement a code of ethics that everyone understands they must adhere to if they wish to participate in the community.
Such a code demonstrates that the entire community aspires to act according to the highest ethical standards, gives your congregation an opportunity examine its values, and preserves and reinforces the integrity of the synagogue as a sacred – and safe – institution for all. It also informs members of acceptable standards of individual behavior and provides clear guidelines to help them determine if their actions and synagogue decision-making are, indeed, ethical.
Here are five specific actions to consider as your congregation develops and implements a code of ethics:
Lay and professional leaders should clearly articulate and endorse the need for such a code and support its development and implementation. When possible, leaders should establish a dedicated team or task force – representative of the congregation’s composition – to construct the ethics code, engage key stakeholders, and report regularly on the process and progress-to-date.
Once it’s been developed, synagogue leaders should inform and educate the entire community about the code in a way that reflects the congregation’s culture. Ultimately, the board should ratify the final document – with an understanding that it’s a “living document” that, based on experience, periodically will need to be reviewed and revised.
Consider whether the code of ethics will apply only to lay leader volunteers and professional staff or to every member of the synagogue community and whether certain provisions need apply only to partners with financial responsibilities.
Complaints of ethics violations against individuals who are members of a Reform Movement professional organization – Central Conference of American Rabbis, American Conference of Cantors, or National Association for Temple Administration – should be referred to the specific organization’s ethics committee.
The foundation of your code of ethics should rest on a set of well-articulated Jewish values. To determine which values your congregation wants to highlight, you may wish to reference your existing values statement and/or conduct an evaluation with lay and professionals stakeholders to determine your community’s top values. Whenever possible, ground the supporting values in Jewish texts.
Your ethics code should go beyond describing unethical conduct and include desired behaviors as well. For example, regarding financial management, you may note an unethical behavior that is prohibited such as, “Misappropriation of synagogue funds for unauthorized use.” A corresponding desired behavior might be “Scrupulously and transparently handle synagogue assets.” In addition, be sure your code of ethics complies with local, state/provincial, and federal legal statutes.
Framing the congregational code of ethics as a brit, or covenant, will remind those to whom it applies of their responsibility to maintain a sacred relationship with their synagogue community. You might consider including the ethics code in new member membership packets and post it on the synagogue’s website. Lastly, your congregation is encouraged to sign this brit with the URJ to demonstrate your commitment to ensuring respectful and safe congregations and communities.
To learn more about developing a code of ethics, visit the Congregational Ethics Codes group or search the #CongregationalEthics topic tag in The Tent. Here you can access a detailed resource for creating your own code of ethics, view a sample template of an ethics code and collaborate with other congregations engaged in this endeavor.